The EDI is a short questionnaire completed by kindergarten teachers across Canada and internationally which measures children’s ability to meet age appropriate developmental expectations.
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The second province-wide implementation of the EDI has taken place in Quebec, and the results show 27.7% of children are vulnerable in at least one area of their development. This is an increase from the 2012 collection, which showed 25.6% of children were vulnerable.
The EDI started in Canada in the late 90s, and since that time has been collected on over 1.5 million Canadian children. But the EDI has also crossed the border and grown in popularity internationally.
The long-term effects of childhood maltreatment are well known. It increases the risk of mental health problems, crime, and violence. But research has mostly looked at outcomes in middle childhood and adolescence, overlooking early childhood.
Sleep is incredibly important for children’s development. Getting 11-12 hours of sleep a day is associated with healthy development. Whereas getting too little sleep is associated with a host of problems.