Thanks in part to results from the Early Development Instrument, the Northwest Territories government is implementing pilot projects to address gaps in early childhood development in small communities. EDI results showed that children in small communities were four times as likely as those in Yellowknife to have multiple challenges. In response, three pilot programs are being implemented across the territory. In Tlicho, a speech pathologist is being hired; in Dehcho, a coordinator for existing programs is being hired; and in Inuvialuit, a position is being created to support daycare workers and teachers.
For a full story on the plan please visit CBC News North website.
The Early Development Instrument was used as a before-and-after assessment in a sample of 448 children attending Free Pre-School Year in Ireland in 2012/2013. Free Pre-School Year was introduced in Ireland in 2010 and provides a year of free pre-school before children start primary school. A new study published in Irish Educational Studies by Kieran McKeown, Trutz Haase, and Jonathan Pratschke found that children with more or better skills at the beginning of the study period tended to have more or better skills at the end of the study period as well. In addition, the authors found a skill gap between children at the start of the program, and this stayed the same or widened throughout the year. Finally, the authors found that the biggest influence on child outcomes was social class.
The abstract is available online.
The EDI was chosen as one measure to determine the impact the Indonesia Early Childhood Education and Development project had on early achievement gaps. The EDI was used along with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, tests of executive function, drawing tasks, expressive and receptive language tasks, and demonstrations of child skills to measure child development in 3000 villages in Indonesia. The results of the study were published in the Journal of Development Effectiveness by Haeil Jung and Amer Hasan.
The abstract is available online.
The Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services has publicly released a set of EDI data from 2010-2012 aggregated by sex and census division. The data set, available to download for free by anyone provided they abide by the Open Government Licence, is a part of the Ontario government’s Open data program, which aims to more freely share information and unlock the power of data.
The Journal of Multilingual Education Research has published a new article using EDI data titled Ready for La Escuela: School Readiness and the Languages of Instruction in Kindergarten by Zoila Tazi. The paper uses EDI mean domain scores and percentage of children “very on track” in a New York school district to determine whether bilingual instruction for Spanish-speaking children was a more effective approach than solely English instruction.
The abstract is available to be viewed online.
With a 96% response rate from schools and over 300,000 children included, the third national collection of the AEDC in Australia is a success.
School principles will be able to access their school profile starting in November 2015 and public results, including a national report, community maps, and community profiles, are expected to be available on the AEDC website in March 2016.
A new study from Australia using national AEDC data has investigated whether English-proficiency at 4-5 years of age later predicts language and literacy skills at 10-11 years of age. The study was authored by Kamelia Dennaoui, Ruth Jane Nicholls, Meredith O’Connor, Joanne Tarasuik, Amanda Kvalsvig, and Sharon Goldfeld. The authors found that bilingual children who begin school without English proficiency are at an increased risk for later language and literacy difficulties.
Please visit Informa Healthcare to view the abstract.
After years at Hamilton’s historic Chedoke Hospital, the EDI team along with the rest of the Offord Centre moved down the Hamilton mountain to their new location at McMaster Innovation Park, 175 Longwood Road South. The move brings the centre closer to the main McMaster campus. Please note the change in address.
1280 Main Street West, MIP 201A,
Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1
175 Longwood Road S., MIP 207A Room 217
Hamilton, ON L8P 0A1
Please visit the Offord Centre website for directions and information on parking.
A population-based, retrospective cohort study conducted in Manitoba has examined the relationship between the 5 minute Apgar score, a measure of newborn children’s health status, and developmental vulnerability at 5 years of age based on the EDI. The authors of the study include Neda Razaz, W. Thomaas Boyce, Marni Brownell, Douglas Jutte, Helen Tremlett, Ruth Ann Marrie, and K.S. Joseph. The authors found that the risk of developmental vulnerability at 5 years is inversely related with the 5 minute Apgar score, meaning the score can serve as an early population-level measure of developmental risk.
The article, published in the ADC Fetal & Neonatal edition, has an abstract available online.
A group of researchers led by McMaster University’s Dr. Magdalena Janus have been awarded a highly-competitive Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Operating grant. The CIHR-funded study will examine the role of social and economic factors on the developmental health of children with health disorders and children with functional disorders. There is a wealth of research showing how social and economic factors affect typically developing children, but very little has looked at whether the same patterns exist for children with health disorders. The study will use a unique EDI database that spans almost all of Canada. The results of the study have the potential to impact health service delivery and school-based intervention strategies.