The rate of poverty in Canada is dropping. From 2016 to 2017 the percentage of the population living below Canada’s Official Poverty Line went from 10.6% to 9.5%. Continue reading Poverty and early childhood outcomes
Chronic physical illnesses are complex, lengthy, and difficult to treat. People dealing with this type of illness often experience impaired physical and social functioning, as well as reduced well-being. Because of these issues, the impact of a physical illness often reaches beyond an individual to his or her immediate family. Continue reading How does a parent’s chronic illness impact their child?
Children born to teen mothers generally perform worse on school readiness assessments than children born to adult mothers. What isn’t known is whether this relationship extends to the grandchildren of these teen mothers. Continue reading The intergenerational effects of teenage pregnancy on child development
Refugees often leave their countries to escape extreme conditions, such as war or violence. Experiencing such hardship may force refugee children to face multiple challenges when settled in their new country beyond those faced by other immigrant children. Although many immigrant children contend with post-migration language and cultural barriers, refugee children may be more likely to experience emotional challenges associated with pre-migration trauma. Continue reading Early emotional and communication functioning predicts the academic trajectories of refugee children
Many children who start school have or are at risk of having a special health care need, which requires more medical, educational, or related services than their peers.
Schools need an accurate picture of whether the levels of these needs are changing over time in order to plan for future services and uncover any service gaps. Continue reading Are the rates of special health care needs changing?
In recent decades there has been a shift towards women starting families later in high-income countries. Continue reading What happens to child development when women delay pregnancy?
The Offord Centre’s Canadian Neighbourhoods and Early Child Development (CanNECD) study attempts to determine the role neighbourhoods play in children’s development. In some Canadian neighbourhoods only 2% of children are struggling, while in others roughly 75% struggle. The CanNECD study focuses largely on the socioeconomic factors that contribute to this disparity. Continue reading Does the built environment contribute to children’s development?
Social-emotional skills play an important role in a child’s ability to succeed in school. These skills help with how a child adjusts to kindergarten and can help facilitate learning. New research from Australia focuses on two specific types of social-emotional behaviour to see the role they play in later academic achievement. Continue reading The roles of anxious and prosocial behavior in early academic performance
The long-term effects of childhood maltreatment are well known. It increases the risk of mental health problems, crime, and violence. But research has mostly looked at outcomes in middle childhood and adolescence, overlooking early childhood. Continue reading Australian study shows early association between maltreatment and development