Bibliography of the EDI

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Badland, H., Villanueva, K., Alderton, A., Davern, M., & Goldfeld, S. (2023). An urban neighbourhood framework for realising progress towards the New Urban Agenda for equitable early childhood development. Children’s Geographies, 1-19.

Bando, N., Walton, K., O’Connor, D. L., Janus, M., & Unger, S. L. (2022). Examination of school readiness and factors related to developmental vulnerability in children born very low birth weight. Child: Care, Health and Development

Bell, M. F., Glauert, R., Roos, L. L., & Wall-Wieler, E. (2023). Examining the relationship between maternal mental health-related hospital admissions and childhood developmental vulnerability at school entry in Canada and Australia. BJPsych Open9(1), e29.

Brown, A., Phillipson, A., Dunstan, K., & Frazer‐Ryan, S. (2023). ‘Healthy Kids’‐A capacity building approach for the early childhood education and care sector. Health Promotion Journal of Australia.

Conway, M. E., Lim, K., & Hutcheon, J. A. (2023). Child neurodevelopment following a diagnosis of isolated mild ventriculomegaly: a linked population-based study. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology228(1), S186-S187.

Duko, B., Gebremedhin, A. T., Tessema, G. A., Alati, R., & Pereira, G. (2022). Average treatment effect of maternal prenatal tobacco smoking on offspring developmental vulnerability in early childhood. Annals of Epidemiology, 78, 35-43.

Fardell, J. E., Hu, N., Wakefield, C. E., Marshall, G., Bell, J., Lingam, R., & Nassar, N. (2023). Impact of Hospitalizations due to Chronic Health Conditions on Early Child Development. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, jsad025.

Howells, S., Nguyen, H. T., Brinkman, S., & Mitrou, F. (2023). Investigating the Validity of the Australian Early Development Census. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 1-18.

Janssen, M., Levine, L. D., & Dugoff, L. (2023). Prenatal diagnostic testing decisions in twin pregnancies in the era of cell-free DNA screening. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology228(1), S187-S188.

Kennedy, A. L., Vollenhoven, B. J., Hiscock, R. J., Stern, C. J., Walker, S. P., Cheong, J. L., … & Lindquist, A. C. (2023). School-age outcomes among IVF-conceived children: A population-wide cohort study. Plos Medicine20(1), e1004148.

McCray, G., McCoy, D., Kariger, P., Janus, M., Black, M. M., Chang, S. M., … & Gladstone, M. (2023). The creation of the Global Scales for Early Development (GSED) for children aged 0–3 years: combining subject matter expert judgements with big data. BMJ Global Health8(1), e009827.

Miyake, Y., Min, S. A. L., Yamataka, A., & Keijzer, R. (2023). Educational and mental health outcomes in school-aged children with anorectal malformations: A case-control cohort study. Journal of Pediatric Surgery

Miyake, Y., Min, S. A. L., Yamataka, A., & Keijzer, R. (2023). The impact of intestinal atresia on educational and mental health outcomes in school-aged children: A case–control cohort study. Pediatric Surgery International39(1), 86.

Prime, H., Andrews, K., Markwell, A., Gonzalez, A., Janus, M., Tricco, A. C., Bennett, T., & Atkinson, L. (2023). Positive Parenting and Early Childhood Cognition: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Clinical child and family psychology review26(2), 362–400.

Roper, L., He, V. Y., Perez-Concha, O., & Guthridge, S. (2023). Complex early childhood experiences: Characteristics of Northern Territory children across health, education and child protection data. PloS one18(1), e0280648.

Sinclair, J., Davies, S., & Janus, M. (2023). Student Achievement Trajectories in Ontario: Creating and validating a province-wide, multi-cohort and longitudinal database. International Journal of Population Data Science8(1).

Tollan, K., Jezrawi, R., Underwood, K., & Janus, M. (2023). A Review on Early Intervention Systems. Current Developmental Disorders Reports, 1-7.


Ababneh, E. G., Duku, E. K., Reid-Westoby, C., Gaskin, A., & Janus, M. (2022). Psychometric properties and factor structure of the early development instrument in a sample of Jordanian children. BMC psychology10(1), 1-10.

Admas, F., & Tefera, B. (2022). Holistic development and school readiness of preschool children in Addis Ababa. Center for Early Childhood Care and Education, College of Education and Behavioral Studies, Addis Ababa University.

Collyer, C., Bell, M. F., & Christian, H. E. (2022). Associations between the built environment and emotional, social and physical indicators of early child development across high and low socioeconomic neighbourhoods. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health243, 113974.

Cowap, M., Derraugh, G., Shawyer, A. C., Balshaw, R., Min, S. A. L., & Keijzer, R. (2022). Educational outcomes in school age children with a history of isolated Hirschsprung disease are equivalent to their peers. Journal of Pediatric Surgery57(5), 851-854.

Crockett, L.K., Ruth, C.A., Heaman, M.I. et al. (2022). Education Outcomes of Children Born Late Preterm: A Retrospective Whole-Population Cohort Study. Maternal Child Health Journal.

Duku, E., Forer, B., Pottruff, M., Guhn, M., & Janus, M. (2022). Defying Expectations: Can We Identify Neighbourhoods with “Other Than Expected” Developmental Outcomes?. International Journal of Population Data Science7(3).

Duku, E., Pottruff, M., & Janus, M. (2022). Creating and Evaluating Two Cumulative Developmental Vulnerability Risk Measures. International Journal of Population Data Science7(3).

Forer, B., Pottruff, M., Duku, E., Guhn, M., & Janus, M. (2022). The Canadian Neighbourhood Early Childhood Development (CanNECD) Socioeconomic Index: Stability and Measurement Invariance Over Time. International Journal of Population Data Science7(3).

Green, M. J., O’Hare, K., Laurens, K. R., Tzoumakis, S., Dean, K., Badcock, J. C., Harris, F., Linscott, R. J., & Carr, V. J. (2022). Developmental profiles of schizotypy in the general population: A record linkage study of Australian children aged 11–12 years. British Journal of Clinical Psychology

Green, M. J., Watkeys, O. J., Kariuki, M., Hindmarsh, G., Whitten, T., Dean, K., Laurens, K. R., Harris, F., & Carr, V. J. (2022). Forecasting childhood adversities from conditions of birth. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology36(2), 230-242.

Ip, A., Poon, B. T., Hanley, G., Guhn, M., & Oberlander, T. F. (2022). Developmental profiles of children at risk for autism spectrum disorder at school entry. Autism Research.

Janus, M., Brinkman, S., Guhn, M. (2022). Early Development Instrument. In: Maggino, F. (eds) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Cham.

Janus, M., Ryan, J., Pottruff, M., Reid-Westoby, C., Brownell, M., Bennett, T., Birken, C. S., Duku, E., Ferro, M. A., Forer, B., Georgiades, S., Gorter, J. W., Guhn, M., Maguire, J., Manson, H., Pei, J., Santos, R., & Coplan, R. J. (2022). Population-based teacher-rated assessment of anxiety among Canadian kindergarten children. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 1-12.

Janus, M., Sinclair, J., Hove, J., & Davies, S. (2022). Building partnerships, capacity, and knowledge through a use of newly linked child development and education datasets in Ontario, Canada. International Journal of Population Data Science7(3).

Jarvis, I., Sbihi, H., Davis, Z., Brauer, M., Czekajlo, A., Davies, H. W., Gergel, S. E., Guhn, M., Jerrett, M., Koehoorn, M., Nesbitt, L., Oberlander, T. F., Su, J.,  & van den Bosch, M. (2022). The influence of early-life residential exposure to different vegetation types and paved surfaces on early childhood development: A population-based birth cohort study. Environment International163, 107196.

Kerai, S., Almas, A., Guhn, M., Forer, B., & Oberle, E. (2022). Screen time and developmental health: Results from an early childhood study in Canada. BMC Public Health22(1), 1-9.

Kusumawardhani, P. N. (2021). Spillover effects of investment in Early Childhood Education and Development (ECED) centers: Evidence from Indonesia. Education Economics, 1-22.

Louis, D., Oberoi, S., Ricci, M. F., Pylypjuk, C., Alvaro, R., Seshia, M., de Cabo, C., Moddemann, D., Lix, L. M., Garland, A., & Ruth, C. A. (2022). School readiness among children born preterm in Manitoba, Canada. JAMA Pediatrics.

Moreno-Betancur, M., Lynch, J. W., Pilkington, R. M., Schuch, H. S., Gialamas, A., Sawyer, M. G., Chittleborough, C. R., Schurer, S., & Gurrin, L. C. (2022). Emulating a target trial of intensive nurse home visiting in the policy-relevant population using linked administrative data. International Journal of Epidemiology

O’Hare, K., Watkeys, O., Whitten, T., Dean, K., Laurens, K. R., Harris, F., Carr, V. J., & Green, M. J. (2022). Parental and community risk factors for childhood self-harm thoughts and behaviours. Journal of Affective Disorders, 310, 279-283.

Poon, B. T., Atchison, C., Kwan, A., & Veasey, C. (2022). A community-based systems dynamics approach for understanding determinants of children’s social and emotional well-being. Health & Place73, 102712.

Selvaratnam, R. J., Wallace, E. M., Rolnik, D. L., & Davey, M. A. (2022). Childhood school outcomes for infants born to women with hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. Pregnancy Hypertension, 30

Selvaratnam, R. J., Wallace, E. M., Davis, P. G., Rolnik, D. L., Fahey, M., & Davey, M. A. (2022). The five minute Apgar score and childhood school outcomes. Acta Paediatricia.

Spadafora, N., Reid-Westoby, C., Pottruff, M., Wang, J., Duku, E., & Janus, M. (2022). An investigation of kindergarten educator reported barriers and concerns and school neighbourhood composition in Ontario, Canada. International Journal of Population Data Science7(3), 1839.

Vanderloo, L. M., Janus, M., Omand, J. A., Keown-Stoneman, C. D., Borkhoff, C. M., Duku, E., Mamdani, M., Lebovic, G., Parkin, P. C., Simpson, J. R., Tremblay, M. S., Maguire, J. L., & Birken, C. S. (2022). Children’s screen use and school readiness at 4-6 years: prospective cohort study. BMC Public Health22(1), 1-11.

Vanderloo, L. M., Omand, J., Keown-Stoneman, C. D., Janus, M., Tremblay, M. S., Maguire, J. L., Borkhoff, C. M., Lebovic, G., Parkin, P., Mamdani, M., Simpson, J. R., Duku, E., & Birken, C. S. (2022). Association between physical activity, screen time and sleep, and school readiness in Canadian children aged 4 to 6 years. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics43(2), 96-103.

Watkeys, O. J., O’Hare, K., Dean, K., Laurens, K. R., Harris, F., Carr, V. J., & Green, M. J. (2022). Early childhood developmental vulnerability associated with parental mental disorder comorbidity. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 00048674221116806.

Williams, K. E., Berthelsen, D., & Laurens, K. R. (2022). Academic resilience from school entry to third grade: Child, parenting, and school factors associated with closing competency gaps. Plos one17(11), e0277551.


Alderton, A., O’Connor, M., Villanueva, K., Gunn, L., Turrell, G., Boulange, C., & Badland, H. (2021). Neighbourhood disadvantage and early childhood mental health inequities across a population of children at school-entry. International Journal of Epidemiology50(S1).

Armfield, J. M., Ey, L. A., Zufferey, C., Gnanamanickam, E. S., & Segal, L. (2021). Educational strengths and functional resilience at the start of primary school following child maltreatment. Child Abuse & Neglect122, 105301.

Chittleborough, C., Brown, T., Schuch, H., Kalamkarian, A., Pilkington, R., Montgomerie, A., Mittinty, M., & Lynch, J. (2021). Thriving in adversity: Positive child development despite early disadvantage in a whole-of-population data linkage study. International Journal of Epidemiology50(S1).

Conway, M., Krahe, M. A., Weir, K. A., & Reilly, S. (2021). Are we meeting the needs of vulnerable children? Distribution of speech-language pathology services on the Gold Coast, Australia. Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdaa275

Davies, S., Janus, M., Reid-Westoby, C., Duku, E., & Schlanger, P. (2021). Does the early development instrument predict academic achievement in Ontario French schools?. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement. 

Dean, K., Whitten, T., Tzoumakis, S., Laurens, K. R., Harris, F., Carr, V. J., & Green, M. J. (2021). Incidence of early police contact among children with emerging mental health problems in Australia. JAMA Network Open4(6), e2112057-e2112057.

Dennis, C. L., Marini, F., Dick, J. A., Atkinson, S., Barrett, J., Bell, R., Berard, A., Berger, H., Brown, H. K., Constantin, E., Da Costa, D., Feller, A., Guttmann, A., Janus, M., Joseph, K. S., Jüni, P., Kimmins, S., Letourneau, N., Li, P., Lye, S., Maguire, J. L., Matthews, S. G., Millar, D., Misita, D., Murphy, K., Nuyt, A. M., O’Connor, D. L., Parekh, R. S., Paterson, A., Puts, M., Ray, J., Roumeliotis, P., Scherer, S., Sellen, D., Semenic, S., Shah, P. S., Smith, G. N., Stremler, R., Szatmari, P., Telnner, D., Thorpe, K., Tremblay, M. S., Vigod, S., Walker, M., & Birken, C. (2021). Protocol for a randomised trial evaluating a preconception-early childhood telephone-based intervention with tailored e-health resources for women and their partners to optimise growth and development among children in Canada: a Healthy Life Trajectory Initiative (HeLTI Canada). BMJ open11(2), e046311. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046311

Dhamrait, G. K., Christian, H., O’Donnell, M., & Pereira, G. (2021). Gestational age and child development at school entry. Scientific Reports11(1), 1-13.

Enns, J. E., Nickel, N. C., Chartier, M., Chateau, D., Campbell, R., Phillips-Beck, W., Sarkar, J., Burland, E., Katz, A., Santos, R., & Brownell, M. (2021). An unconditional prenatal income supplement is associated with improved birth and early childhood outcomes among First Nations children in Manitoba, Canada: a population-based cohort study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth21(1), 1-11. doi: 10.1186/s12884-021-03782-w

Goldfeld, S., Villanueva, K., Tanton, R., Katz, I., Brinkman, S., Giles-Corti, B., & Woolcock, G. (2021). Findings from the Kids in Communities Study (KiCS): A mixed methods study examining community-level influences on early childhood development. PloS one16(9), e0256431.

Granziera, H., Collie, R. J., Martin, A. J., & Nassar, N. (2021). Behavioral self-regulation among children with hyperactivity and inattention in the first year of school: A population-based latent profile analysis and links with later ADHD diagnosis. Journal of Educational Psychology.

Green, M. J., Hindmarsh, G., Harris, F., Laurens, K. R., Tzoumakis, S., Whitten, T., Katz, I., & Carr, V. J. (2021). Child protection status and developmental outcomes in early and middle childhood: A data summary from the NSW Child Development Study. doi: 10.26190/8hv3-s740

Green, M. J., Piotrowska, P. J., Tzoumakis, S., Whitten, T., Laurens, K. R., Butler, M., Katz, I., Harris, F., & Carr, V. J. (2021). Profiles of resilience from early to middle childhood among children known to child protection services. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 1-13.

Hasan, A., Jung, H., Kinnell, A., Maika, A., Nakajima, N., & Pradhan, M. (2021). Contrasting Experiences: Understanding the Longer-Term Impact of Improving Access to Pre-Primary Education in Rural Indonesia. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 1-29. doi: 10.1080/19345747.2020.1839989

Hutchinson, L. R., Perry, N. E., & Shapka, J. D. (2021). Assessing young children’s self-regulation in school contexts. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice28(5-6), 545-583.

Janus, M., Reid-Westoby, C., Raiter, N., Forer, B., & Guhn, M. (2021). Population-Level Data on Child Development at School Entry Reflecting Social Determinants of Health: A Narrative Review of Studies Using the Early Development Instrument. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(7), 3397. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18073397

Jarvis, I., Davis, Z., Sbihi, H., Brauer, M., Czekajlo, A., Davies, H. W., Gergel, S. E., Guhn, M., Jerrett, M., Koehoorn, M., Oberlander, T. F., Su, J., & van den Bosch, M. (2021). Assessing the association between lifetime exposure to greenspace and early childhood development and the mediation effects of air pollution and noise in Canada: a population-based birth cohort study. The Lancet Planetary Health, 5(10), E709-E717.

Kral, I., Fasoli, L., Smith, H., Meek, B., & Phair, R. (2021). A strong start for every Indigenous child. OECD Working Papers.

Laporte, C., Pereira, B., Massimilliano, O., Nicholas, C., Castellanos-Ryan, N., Brousse, G., Séguin, J. R., Xu, Q., Vitaro, F., Tremblay, R., Boivin, M., & Côté, S. M. (2021). Associations of childhood sociability and responsibility with cannabis use trajectories during adolescence: results from a prospective population-based birth cohort study. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 1-9. doi: 10.1007/s00787-021-01730-9

Laurens, K. R., Dean, K., Whitten, T., Tzoumakis, S., Harris, F., Waddy, N., Prendergast, T., Taiwo, M., Carr, V. J., & Green, M. J. (2021). Early childhood predictors of elementary school suspension: An Australian record linkage study. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology77, 101343.

Law, H. D., Armstrong, B., D’Este, C., Randall, D., Hosking, R., Lazarevic, N., Trevenar, S., Smurthwaite, K., Lal, A., Lucas, R., Mueller, J., Clements, A., Kirk, M., & Korda, R. (2021). PFAS Health Study Component four: Data linkage study of health outcomes associated with living in PFAS exposure areas. Australian National University.

Minh, A., Ritland, L., Webb, S., Forer, B., Brownell, M., Duku, E., Gagné, M., Janus, M., Muhajarine, N., & Guhn, M. (2022). Does social capital flatten the social gradient in early childhood development? An ecological study of two provinces in Canada. Social Indicators Research, 159(2), 549-568.

Miranti, R., Brown, L., Li, J., Tanton, R., Vidyattama, Y., Tuli, S., & Rowe, P. (2021). Examining Trends in the Child Social Exclusion Index in Australia from 2011 to 2016: Have Geographical Patterns of Disadvantage Persisted Over Time?. Child Indicators Research, 1-28. doi: 10.1007/s12187-021-09808-1

Omand, J. A., Janus, M., Maguire, J. L., Parkin, P. C., Aglipay, M., Randall Simpson, J., Keown-Stoneman, C. D. G., Duku, E., Reid-Westoby, C., & Birken, C. S. (2021). Nutritional Risk in Early Childhood and School Readiness. Public Health Nutrition, 24(18), 6169-6177. 

Orr, C., O’Donnell, M., Fisher, C., Bell, M., Glauert, R., & Preen, D. (2021). School readiness of children exposed to family and domestic violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Pitsia, V., & Kent, G. (2021). School readiness of five-year-old children from socio-economically disadvantaged areas: evidence from the Preparing for Life evaluation. Irish Educational Studies, 1-21.

Saunders, N. R., Janus, M., Porter, J., Lu, H., Gaskin, A., Kalappa, G. and Guttmann, A. (2021). Use of administrative record linkage to measure medical and social risk factors for early developmental vulnerability in Ontario, Canada. International Journal of Population Data Science, 6(1). doi: 10.23889/ijpds.v6i1.1407

Selvaratnam, R. J., Wallace, E. M., Wolfe, R., Anderson, P. J., & Davey, M. A. (2021). Association between iatrogenic delivery for suspected fetal growth restriction and childhood school outcomes. JAMA326(2), 145-153.

Siddiqua, A., Janus, M., Mesterman, R., Duku, E., Georgiades, K., Saxena, F., … & Saunders, N. (2021). Primary Care Provider and Child Characteristics Associated with Age of Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Population-Based Cohort Study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1-15. 

Struck, S., Enns, J. E., Sanguins, J., Chartier, M., Nickel, N. C., Chateau, D., Sarkar, J., Burland, E., Hinds, A., Katz, A., Santos, R., Chartrand, F., & Brownell, M. (2021). An unconditional prenatal cash benefit is associated with improved birth and early childhood outcomes for Metis families in Manitoba, Canada. Children and Youth Services Review121, 105853. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105853

Taillieu, T. L., Brownridge, D. A., & Brownell, M. (2021). Screening for intimate partner violence in the early postpartum period: Maternal and child health and social outcomes from birth to 5-years post-delivery. Child Abuse & Neglect111, 104865. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104865

Taylor, C. L., Christensen, D., Jose, K., & Zubrick, S. R. (2021). Universal child health and early education service use from birth through kindergarten and developmental vulnerability in the Preparatory Year (age 5 years) in Tasmania, Australia. Australian Journal of Social Issues.

Taylor, C. L., Christensen, D., Venn, A. J., Preen, D. B., Stafford, J., Hansen, E., Jose, K., & Zubrick, S. R. (2021). Use of administrative record linkage to examine patterns of universal early childhood health and education service use from birth to kindergarten (age four years) and developmental vulnerability in the Preparatory Year (age five years) in Tasmania, Australia. International Journal of Population Data Science6(3).

Thomson, K. C., Richardson, C. G., Samji, H., Dove, N., Olsson, C. A., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., Shoveller, J., Gadermann, A. M., & Guhn, M. (2021). Early childhood social-emotional profiles associated with middle childhood internalizing and wellbeing. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 76, 101301.

Varadharajan, M., Muir, K., Moore, T., Harris, D., Barker, B., Dakin, P., Lowe, K., Smith, C., Baker, S., Piccoli, A. (2021). Amplify Insights: Education Inequity. Centre for Social Impact, UNSW Sydney.

Watkeys, O. J., Dean, K., Laurens, K. R., Harris, F., Carr, V. J., & Green, M. J. (2022). Familial clustering of birth risk for adverse childhood outcomes. Journal of Perinatology42(5), 603-610.


Bandara, D., Silbert, M., & Daraganova, G. (2020). Consent to Data Linkage in LSAC. International Journal of Population Data Science5(5). doi: 10.23889/ijpds.v5i5.1479

Bell, M. F., Turrell, G., Beesley, B., Boruff, B., Trapp, G., Zubrick, S. R., & Christian, H. E. (2020). Children’s neighbourhood physical environment and early development: an individual child level linked data study. J Epidemiol Community Health.  doi: 10.1136/jech-2019-212686

Christensen, D., Taylor, C. L., Hancock, K. J., & Zubrick, S. R. (2020). School readiness is more than the child: a latent class analysis of child, family, school and community aspects of school readiness. Australian Journal of Social Issues. doi: 10.1002/ajs4.138

Collier, L. R., Gregory, T., Harman-Smith, Y., Gialamas, A., & Brinkman, S. A. (2020). Inequalities in child development at school entry: A repeated cross-sectional analysis of the Australian Early Development Census 2009–2018. The Lancet Regional Health-Western Pacific, 4, 100057. doi: 10.1016/j.lanwpc.2020.100057

Deyessa, N., Webb, S., Duku, E., Garland, A., Fish, I., Janus, M., & Desta, M. (2020). Epidemiological study of a developmentally and culturally sensitive preschool intervention to improve school readiness of children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. J Epidemiol Community Health. doi: 10.1136/jech-2019-213019

Duncan, R. J., Duncan, G. J., Stanley, L., Aguilar, E., & Halfon, N. (2020). The kindergarten Early Development Instrument predicts third grade academic proficiency. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 53, 287-300. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2020.05.009

Durksen, A., Brownell, M., & Nickel, N. (2020). Identification of Determinants of Resilience in Children Using Administrative Health, Social, Justice and Education Data. International Journal of Population Data Science5(5). doi: 10.23889/ijpds.v5i5.1559

Falster, K., Hanly, M., Edwards, B., Banks, E., Lynch, J. W., Eades, S., … & Biddle, N. (2020). Preschool attendance and developmental outcomes at age five in Indigenous and non-Indigenous children: a population-based cohort study of 100 357 Australian children. J Epidemiol Community Health. doi: 10.1136/jech-2020-214672

Gagné, M., Guhn, M., Janus, M., Georgiades, K., Emerson, S. D., Milbrath, C., Duku, E., Magee, C., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., & Gadermann, A. M. (2020). Thriving, catching up, falling behind: Immigrant and refugee children’s kindergarten competencies and later academic achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology. doi: 10.1037/edu0000634

Gagné, M., Janus, M., Muhajarine, N., Gadermann, A., Duku, E., Milbrath, C., Minh, A., Forer, B., Magee, C., & Guhn, M. (2020). Disentangling the role of income in the academic achievement of migrant children. Social Science Research. 85, 102344. doi: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2019.102344

Georg, S., Bosle, C., Fischer, J. E., & De Bock, F. (2020). Psychometric properties and contextual appropriateness of the German version of the Early Development Instrument. BMC Pediatrics, 20(1), 1-18. doi: 10.1186/s12887-020-02191-w

Gregory, T., Dal Grande, E., Brushe, M., Engelhardt, D., Luddy, S., Guhn, M., Gadermann, A.,  Schonert-Reichl K. A., & Brinkman, S. (2020). Associations between School Readiness and Student Wellbeing: A Six-Year Follow Up Study. Child Indicators Research, 1-22. doi: 10.1007/s12187-020-09760-6

Halfon, N., Aguilar, E., Stanley, L., Hotez, E., Block, E., & Janus, M. (2020). Measuring Equity From The Start: Disparities In The Health Development Of US Kindergartners. Health Affairs, 39:10, 1702-1709. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2020.00920

Hasan, A., Nakajima, N., & Rangel, M. A. (2020). Mama Knows (and Does) Best: Maternal Schooling Opportunities and Child Development in Indonesia (No. 9355). The World Bank. link

Hindmarsh, G., Laurens, K. R., Katz, I., Butler, M., Harris, F., Carr, V. J., & Green, M. J. (2020). Child protection services for children with special healthcare needs: A population record linkage study. Australian Journal of Social Issues. doi: 10.1002/ajs4.145

Hutcheon, J. A., Harper, S., Liauw, J., Skoll, M. A., Srour, M., & Strumpf, E. C. (2020). Antenatal corticosteroid administration and early school age child development: A regression discontinuity study in British Columbia, Canada. PLoS medicine17(12), e1003435. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003435

Jose, K., Banks, S., Hansen, E., Jones, R., Zubrick, S. R., Stafford, J., & Taylor, C. L. (2020). Parental Perspectives on Children’s School Readiness: An Ethnographic Study. Early Childhood Education Journal, 1-11. doi: 10.1007/s10643-020-01130-9

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Williamson, A., Gibberd, A., Hanly, M. J., Banks, E., Eades, S., Clapham, K., & Falster, K. (2019). Social and emotional developmental vulnerability at age five in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children in New South Wales: A population data linkage study. International Journal for Equity in Health, 18, 1-12. doi: 10.1186/s12939-019-1019-x

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Bell, M. F., Bayliss, D. M., Glauert, R., Ohan, J. L. (2018). School readiness of maltreated children: Associations of timing, type, and chronicity of maltreatment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 76, 426-439. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.12.001

Bentley, J. P., Schneuer, F. J., Lain, J. S., Martin, A. J., Gordon, A., & Nassar, N. (2018). Neonatal morbidity at term, early child development, and school performance: A population study. Pediatrics, 141, 1-9. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-1726

Biswas, R. K. & Kabir, E. (2018). A macro-level approach to assess the early developmental vulnerabilities of children in Australia: A local government area-based analysis. Children and Youth Services Review, 93, 161-169. doi: j.childyouth.2018.07.005

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Janus, M., Brownell, M., Reid-Westoby, C., Bennett, T., Birken, C., Coplan, R., … & Santos, R. (2018). Establishing a protocol for building a pan-Canadian population-based monitoring system for early childhood development for children with health disorders: Canadian Children’s Health in Context Study (CCHICS). BMJ Open, 1-10. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023688

Janus, M., Enns, J., Forer, B., Raos, R., Gaskin, A., Webb, S., … & Guhn, M. (2018). A Pan-Canadian data resource for monitoring child developmental health: The Canadian Neighbourhoods Early Child Development (CanNECD) database. International Journal of Population Data Science, 3, 1-11. doi: 10.23889/ijpds.v3i3.431

Kent, G. & Pitsia, V. (2018). Gender differences in cognitive development and school readiness. Children’s Research Digest, 5(3), 33-42.

O’Connor, E., O’Connor, M., Gray, S., & Goldfeld, S. (2018). Profiles of mental health competence and difficulties as predictors of children’s early learning. School Mental Health, 10, 402-416. doi: 10.1007/s12310-018-9252-9 

Sawyer, A. C. P., Kaim, A. L. E., Mittinity, M. N., Jeffs, D., Lynch, J. W., & Sawyer, M. G. (2018). Effectiveness of a 2-year post-natal nurse home-visiting programme when children are aged 5 years: Results from a natural experiment. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 1-8. doi: 10.1111/jpc.14348

Schneuer, F. J., Bentley, J. P., Davidson, A. J., Holland, A. J. A., Badawi, N., Martin, J. A., … & Nassar, N. (2018). The impact of general anesthesia on child development and school performance: A population-based study. Pediatric Anesthesia, 28, 528-536. doi: 10.1111/pan.13390 

Sun Bin, Y., Ford, J. B., Nicholl, M. C., & Roberts, C. L. (2018). Long-term childhood outcomes of breech presentation by intended mode of delivery: A population record linkage study. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 96, 342-351. doi: 10.1111/aogs.13086

Tzoumakis, S., Carr, V. J., Dean, K., Laurens, K. R., Kariuki, M., Harris, F., & Green, M. J. (2018). Prenatal maternal smoking, maternal offending, and offspring behavioural and cognitive outcomes in early childhood. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 28, 397-408. doi: 10.1002/cbm.2089

Wall-Wieler, E., Roos, L. L., Boram Lee, J., Urquia, M. L., Roos, N. P., Bruce, S., & Brownell, M. (2018). Placement in care in early childhood and school readiness: A retrospective cohort study. Child Maltreatment, 24, 397-408. doi: 10.1177/1077559518796658


Brownell, M. D., Nickel, N. C., Enns, J. E., Chartier, M., Campbell, R., Phillips-Beck, W., … & Katz, A. (2017). Association between home visiting interventions and First Nations families’ health and social outcomes in Manitoba, Canada: Protocol for a study of linked population-based administrative data. BMJ Open, 7, 1-11. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017626

Chartier, M. J., Brownell, M. D., Isaac, M. R., Chateau, D., Nickel, N. C., Katz, A., … & Taylor, C. (2017). Is the Families First Home Visiting Program effective in reducing child maltreatment and improving child development? Child Maltreatment, 22, 121-131. doi: 10.1177/1077559517701230

Christian, H., Ball, S. J., Zubrick, S. R., Brinkman, S., Turrell, G., Boruff, B., & Foster, S. (2017). Relationship between the neighbourhood built environment and early child development. Health & Place, 48, 90-101. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.08.010

Comaskey, B., Roos, N. P., Brownell, M., Enns, M. W., Chateau, D., Ruth, C. A., Ekuma, O. (2017). Maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development: A Manitoba population-based study. PLoS ONE, 12, 1-19. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177065

Falster, K., Jorgensen, M., Hanly, M., Banks, E., Brownell, M., Eades, S., … & Jorm, L. (2017). Data resource profile: Seeding Success: a cross-sectoral data resource for early childhood health and development research in Australian Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. International Journal of Epidemiology, 46, 1365-1366. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyx051

Fu, K-w., Ho, F. K. W., Rao, N., Jiang, F., Li, S. L., Lee, T. M-c.,… & Ip, P. (2017). Parental restriction reduces the harmful effects of in-bedroom electronic devices. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 102, 1125-1131. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2017-312639

Green, M. J., Tzoumakis, S., Laurens, K. R., Dean, K., Kariuki, M., Harris, F., … & Carr, V. J. (2017). Latent profiles of early developmental vulnerabilities in a New South Wales child population at age 5 years. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 52, 530-541. doi: 10.1177/0004867417740208

Green, M. J., Tzoumakis, S., McIntyre, B., Kariuki, M., Laurens, K. R., Dean, K., … & Carr, V. J. (2017).  Childhood maltreatment and early development vulnerabilites at age 5 years. Child Development, 89, 1599-1612. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12928

Hanly, M., Falster, K., Chambers, G., Lynch, J., Banks, E., Homaira, N., … & Jorm, L. (2017). Gestational age and child development at age five in a population-based cohort of Australian Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 32, 114-125. doi: 10.1111/ppe.12426

Janus, M., Labonté, C., Kirkpatrick, R., Davies, S. & Duku, E. (2017). The impact of speech and language problems in kindergarten on academic learning and special education status in grade three. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 21, 75-88. doi: 10.1080/17549507.2017.1381164

Janus, M., Mauti, E., Horner, M., Duku, E., Siddiqua, A., & Davies, S. (2017). Behaviour profiles of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Kindergarten: Comparison with other developmental disabilities and typically developing children. Autism Research, 11, 410-420. doi: 10.1002/aur.1904

Khambalia, A. Z., Algert, C. S., Bowen, J. R., Collie, R. J., & Roberts, C. L. (2017). Long-term outcomes for large for gestational age infants born at term. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 53, 876-881. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13593

Siddiqua, A. & Janus, M. (2017). Experiences of parents of children with special needs at school entry: a mixed method approach. Child: care, health and development, 43, 566-576. doi: 10.1111/cch.12443

Soltanifar, M., Pahwa, P., & Muhajarine, N. (2017). A multilevel analysis of the contribution of individual, socioeconomic and geographical factors on kindergarten children’s developmental vulnerability: A Saskatchewan province wide study. Biostatistics and Biometrics Open Access Journal, 3(4). doi: 10.19080/BBOAJ.2017.03.555618

Thomson, K. C., Guhn, M., Richardson, C. G., Ark, T. K., & Shoveller, J. (2017). Profiles of children’s social-emotional health at school entry and associated income, gender and language inequalities: a cross-sectional population-based study in British Columbia, Canada. BMJ Open, 7, 1-10. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015353

Tzoumakis, S., Dean, K., Green, M. J., Zheng, C., Kariuki, M., Harris, F.,… & Laurens, K. R. (2017). The impact of parental offending on offspring aggression in early childhood: a population-based record linkage study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 52, 445-455. doi: 10.1007/s00127-017-1347-3

Youmans, A. S., Kirby, J. R., & Freeman, J. G. (2017). How effectively does the full-day, play-based kindergarten programme in Ontario promote self-regulation, literacy, and numeracy? Early Child Development and Care, 188, 1788-1800. doi: 10.1080/03004430.2017.1287177


Bell, M. F., Bayliss, D. M., Glauert, R., Harrison, A., & Ohan, J. L. (2016). Chronic illness and developmental vulnerability at school entry. Pediatrics, 137, 1-9. doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-2475

Bentley, J. P., Roberts, C. L., Bowen, J. R., Martin, A. J., Morris, J. M., Nassar, N. (2016). Planned birth before 39 weeks and child development: A population-based study. Pediatrics, 138. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-2002

Brinkman, S. A., Kinnell, A., Maika, A., Hasan, A., Jung, H., & Pradhan, M. (2016). Validity and reliability of the Early Development Instrument in Indonesia. Child Indicators Research10,  331-352.  doi: 10.1007/s12187-016-9372-4

Brownell, M. D., Ekuma, O., Nickel, N. C., Chartier, M., Koseva, I., & Santos, R. G. (2016). A population-based analysis of factors that predict early language and cognitive development. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 6-18. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.10.004

Carr, V. J., Harris, F., Raudino, A., Luo, L., Kariuki, M., Liu, E., … Green, M. J. (2016). New South Wales Child Development Study (NSW-CDS): An Australian multiagency, multigenerational longitudinal record linkage study. BMJ Open, 6, 1-9. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009023

Castro, S., & Grande, C. (2016). Linking the Early Development Instrument with the ICF-CY. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 64, 3-15. doi: 10.1080/20473869.2016.1199112

Chittleborough, C. R., Searle, A. K., Smithers, L. G., Brinkman, S., Lynch, J. W. (2016). How well can poor child development be predicted from early life characteristics: A whole-of-population data linkage study. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 19-30. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.10.006

Davies, S., Janus, M., Duku, E., & Gaskin, A. (2016). Using the Early Development Instrument to examine cognitive and non-cognitive school readiness and elementary student achievement. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 63-75. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.10.002

Goldfeld, S., O’Connor, E., O’Connor, M., Sayers, M., Moore, T., Kvalsvig, A., & Brinkman, S. (2016). The role of preschool in promoting children’s healthy development: Evidence from an Australian population cohort. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 31-39. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.11.001

Graham, M. R., Brownell, M., Chateau, D. G., Dragan, R. D., Burchill, C., & Fransoo, R. R. (2016). Neurodevelopmental assessment in kindergarten in children exposed to general anesthesia before the age of 4 years: A retrospective matched cohort study. Anesthesiology, 125, 667-677. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001245

Guhn, M., Gadermann, A. M., Almas, A., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., Hertzman, C. (2016). Associations of teacher-rated social, emotional, and cognitive development in kindergarten to self-reported wellbeing, peer relations, and academic test scores in middle childhood. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 76-84. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.12.027

Guhn, M., Janus, M., Enns, J., Brownell, M., Forer, B., Duku, E., Muhajarine, N., & Raos, R. (2016). Examining the social determinants of children’s developmental health: protocol for building a pan-Canadian population-based monitoring system for early child development. BMJ Open, 6, 1-9. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012020

Guhn, M., Milbrath, C., & Hertzman, C. (2016). Associations between child home language, gender, bilingualism and school readiness: A population-based study. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 95-110. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.11.003

Guthridge, S., Li, L., Silburn, S., Li, S. Q., McKenzie, J., & Lynch, J. (2016). Early influences on developmental outcomes among children, at age 5, in Australia’s Northern Territory. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 124-134. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.12.008

Harrison, L. J., Janus, M., Goldfeld, S., Guhn, M., & Brinkman, S. (2016). Special Issue: International research utilizing the Early Development Instrument (EDI). Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35.

Ip, P., Rao, N., Bacon-Shone, J., Li, S. L., Ho, F. K., Chow, C., & Jiang, F. (2016). Socioeconomic gradients in school readiness of Chinese preschool children: The mediating role of family processes and kindergarten quality. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 111-123. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.10.005

Janus, M., Harrison, L. J., Goldfeld, S., Guhn, M., & Brinkman, S. (2016). International research utilizing the Early Development Instrument (EDI) as a measure of early child development: Introduction to the Special Issue. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.12.007

Janus, M., & Reid-Westoby, C. (2016). Monitoring the development of all children: The Early Development Instrument. Early Childhood Matters, 125(1), 40-45. Available Online.

Kariuki, M., Raudino, A., Green, M.J., Laurens, K.R., Dean, K., Brinkman, S.A.,… & Carr, V.J. (2016). Hospital admission for infection during early childhood influences developmental vulnerabilities at age 5 years. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 52, 882-888. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13239

Lain, S. J., Bentley, J. P., Wiley, V., Roberts, C. L., Jack, M., Wilcken, B., & Nassar, N. (2016). Association between borderline neonatal thyroid-stimulating hormone concentrations and educational and developmental outcomes: A population-based record-linkage study. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 4, 756-765. doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(16)30122-X

Moore, T., & West. S. (2016). Early intervention and the first thousand days of child development. Developing Practice: The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal, 44, 16-24.

Mousavi. A., & Krishnan, V. (2016). Measurement invariance of Early Development Instrument (EDI) domain scores across gender and ESL status. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 62, 288-305.

O’Connor, M., Gray, S., Tarasuik, J., O’Connor, E., Kvalsvig, A., Incledon, E., & Goldfeld, S. (2016). Preschool attendance trends in Australia: Evidence from two sequential population cohorts. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 40-48. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.11.004

O’Leary, J. D., Janus, M., Duku, E., Wijeysundera, D. N., To, T., Ping, L.,… & Crawford, M. W. (2016). A population-based study evaluating the association between surgery in early life and child development at primary school entry. Anesthesiology, 125, 272-279. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001200

Editorial featuring O’Leary et al. study: Kalkman, C.J., & Eriksson, L.I. (2016). Anesthetic neurotoxicity meets big data: Reasons to be cheerful? Anesthesiology, 125, 263-265. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001207

Pearce, A., Scalzi, D., Lynch, J., Smithers, L. G. (2016). Do thin, overweight and obese children have poorer development than their healthy-weight peers at the start of school? Findings from a South Australian data linkage study. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 85-94. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.10.007

Patel, S., Corter, C., Pelletier, J., & Bertrand, J. (2016). ‘Dose-response’  relations between participation in integrated early childhood services and children’s early development. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 49-62. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.12.006

Webb, S., Janus, M., Duku, E., Raos, R., Brownell, M., Forer…, & Muhajarine, N. (2016). Neighbourhood socioeconomic status indices and early childhood development. SSM – Population Health, 3, 48-56. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.11.006


Brinkman, S. A., Hasan, A., Jung, H., Kinnell, A., & Pradhan, M. (2015). The impact of expanding access to childhood services in rural Indonesia: Evidence from two cohorts of children (Policy Research Working Paper No. WPS 7372) Retrieved from World Bank website:

Brownell, M. D., Ekuma, O., Nickel, N. C., Chartier, M., Koseva, I., & Santos, R. G. (2015). A population-based analysis of factors that predict early language and cognitive development. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 35, 6-18. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.10.004

Cohen, L. E., & Friedman, D. E. (2015). The Early Development Instrument: A bioecological view of school readiness. In J. M. Iorio & W. Parnell (Eds.), Rethinking readiness in early childhood education (pp. 49-64). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dennaoui, K., Nicholls, R. J., O’Connor, M., Tarasuik, J., Kvalsvig, A., & Goldfeld, S. (2015). The English proficiency and academic skills of Australian bilingual children during the primary school years. International Journal or Speech-Language Pathology, 18, 157-165. doi: 10.3109/17549507.2015.1060526

Duku, E., Janus, M., & Brinkman, S. (2015). Investigation of the cross-national equivalence of a measurement of early child development. Child Indicators Research8, 471-489. doi: 10.1007/s12187-014-9249-3

Falster, K., Jorm, L., Eades, S., Lynch, J., Banks, E., Brownell, M., … Randall, D. (2015). What factors contribute to positive early childhood health and development in Australian Aboriginal children? Protocol for a population-based cohort study using linked administrative data (The Seeding Success Study). BMJ Open, 5, 1-13. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007898

Gaston, A., Edwards, S. A., & Tober, J.A. (2015). Parental leave and child care arrangements during the first 12 months of life are associated with children’s development five years later. International Journal of Child, Youth & Family Studies, 6, 230-251. doi: 10.18357/ijcyfs.62201513500

Janus, M., & Siddiqua, A. (2015). Challenges for children with special health needs at the time of transition to school. In: Gordon, M (Ed.), Challenges Surrounding the Education of Children with Chronic Diseases, (pp. 165-197), Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Laurin, I., Guay, D., Fournier, M., Bigras, N., & Solis, A. (2015). Attendance in educational preschool services: A protective factor in the development of children from low-income families?  Canadian Journal of Public Health, 106, eS14-eS20. doi: 10.17269/CJPH.106.4825

McCormack, J. M. & Verdon, S. E. (2015). Mapping speech pathology services to developmentally vulnerable and at-risk communities using the Australian Early Development Census. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 17, 273-286. doi: 10.3109/17549507.2015.1034175

McKeown, K., Haase, T., & Pratschke, J. (2015). Determinants of child outcomes in a cohort of children in the Free Pre-School Year in Ireland, 2012/2013. Irish Educational Studies, 34, 245-263. doi: 10.1080/03323315.2015.1065430

Razaz, N., Boyce, W. T., Brownell, M., Jutte, D., Tremlett, H., Marrie, R. A., & Joseph, K. S. (2015). Five-minute Apgar score as a marker for developmental vulnerability at 5 years of age. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed, 101, F114-F120. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-308458

Razaz, N., Tremlett, H., Boyce, W. T., Guhn, M., Joseph, K. S., & Marrie, R. A. (2015). Impact of parental multiple sclerosis on early childhood development: A retrospective cohort study. Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 21, 1172-1183. doi: 10.1177/1352458514559298

Tazi, Z. (2015). Ready for la escuela: School readiness and the languages of instruction in kindergarten. Journal of Multilingual Education Research, 5, 11-31. Available Online.

Villanueva, K., Badland, H., Giles-Corti, B., & Goldfeld, S. (2015). Using spatial analysis of the Australian Early Development Index to advance our understanding of ‘neighbourhood effects’ research on child health and development. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 51, 577-579. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12822 


Brinkman, S. A., Gregory, T. A., Goldfeld, S., Lynch, J. W., & Hardy, M. (2014). Data resource profile: The Australian Early Development Index (AEDI). International Journal of Epidemiology, 43, 1089-1096. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyu085

Curtin, M., Baker, D., Staines, A., & Perry, I. J. (2014). Are the special educational needs of children in their first year in primary school in Ireland being identified: A cross-sectional study. BMC Pediatrics, 14, 52. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-14-52

Geddes, R., Woolfson, L. M., McNicol, S., Booth, J. N., Wray, S., Hardie, S., … & Frank, J. (2014). Translating research into practice: A cross-sectional study using the Early Development Instrument to assess early years interventions in local level public health practice. The Lancet, 384, S33. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)62159-0

Goldfeld, S., Kvalsvig, A., Incledon, E., O’Connor, M., & Mensah, F. (2014). Predictors of mental health competence in a population cohort of Australian children. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health68, 1004-1008. doi: 10.1136/jech-2013-203007

Goldfeld, S., O’Connor, M., Mithen, J., Sayers, M., & Brinkman, S. (2014). Early developmental of emerging and English-proficient bilingual children at school entry in an Australian population cohort. International Journal of Behavioral Development38, 42-51. doi: 10.1177/0165025413505945

Goldfeld, S., O’Connor, M., Quach, J., Tarasuik, J., & Kvalsvig, A. (2014). Learning trajectories of children with special health care needs across the severity spectrum. Academic Pediatrics, 15, 177-184. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2014.09.001

Hagquist, C., & Hellström, L. (2014). The psychometric properties of the Early Development Instrument: a rasch analysis based on Swedish pilot data. Social Indicators Research, 117, 301-317. doi: 10.1007/s11205-013-0344-5

Janus, M., Duku, E., Brinkman, S., Dunkelberg, E., Chianca, T., & Marino, E. (2014). Socioemotional development and its correlates among 5-year-old children in Peru and Brazil. The Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies6, 40-53. doi: 10.18085/llas.6.1.9730476466441574

Krishnan, V. (2014). The 14 decimal places (default) in EDI’s Norm II cut-off values: They do it, but do they increase accuracy? Alberta: Early Child Development Mapping (ECMAP) Project Alberta. Available Online.

Martens, P. J., Chateau, D. G., Burland, E. M., Finlayson, G. S., Smith, M. J., Taylor, C. R., … & Bolton, J. M. (2014). The effect of neighborhood socioeconomic status on education and health outcomes for children living in social housing. American Journal of Public Health104, 2103-2113. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.302133

Mousavi, A., & Krishnan, V. (2014). Setting the scope for Early Child Development Instrument (EDI): A psychometric re-examination of the tool with Alberta data. Social Indicators Research, 122, 925-944. doi: 10.1007/s11205-014-0711-x

O’Connor, M., O’Connor, E.J., Kvalsvig, A., & Goldfeld, S. (2014). The relationship between early childhood education and care and English proficiency at school entry for bilingual children in Australia. New Zealand Research in Early Childhood Education, 17, 161-181.

Sincovich, A., & Brinkman, S. (2014). AEDI: From research to policy. Every Child, 20(1), 16-17.

Smithers, L. G., Gialamas, A., Scheil, W., Brinkman, S., & Lynch, J. W. (2014). Anaemia of pregnancy, perinatal outcomes and children’s developmental vulnerability: a Whole‐of‐Population Study. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology28, 381-390. doi: 10.1111/ppe.12149


Brinkman, S., Gregory, T., Harris, J., Hart, B., Blackmore, S., & Janus, M. (2013). Associations between the Early Development Instrument at age 5, and reading and numeracy skills at ages 8, 10 and 12: a prospective linked data study. Child Indicators Research, 6(4), 695-708. doi: 10.1007/s12187-013-9189-3

Calman, R.C., & Crawford, P.J. (2013). Starting early: Teaching, learning, and assessment. Linking early child development with academic outcomes – a detailed look. Education Quality and Accountability Office, Queen’s Printer for Ontario. Available Online.

Curtin, M., Madden, J., Staines, A., & Perry, I.J. (2013). Determinants of vulnerability in early childhood development in Ireland: a cross-sectional study. British Medical Journal Open, 3(5), 1-9. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002387

Davies, S. (2013). Are there catholic school effects in Ontario, Canada? European Sociological Review, 29(4), 871-883. doi: 10.1093/esr/jcs065

Gregory, T., & Brinkman, S. (2013). Methodological approach to exploring change in the Australia Early Development Instrument (AEDI): The estimation of a critical difference. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Western Australia. ISBN 978-0-9876002-0-2. Available Online.

Ip, P., Li, S.L., Rao, N., Ng, S.S.N., Lau, W.W.S., & Chow, C.B. (2013). Validation study of the Chinese Early Development Instrument. BioMed Central Pediatrics13, 1-8. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-13-146

Janus, M. (2013). Early Development Instrument: “From results to action survey” report. Available Online.

Janus, M., Brinkman, S., & Guhn, M. (2013). Early Development Instrument. In A. C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research. New York, NY: Springer.

Janus, M., & Gaskin, A. (2013). School readiness. In A. C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research. New York, NY: Springer.

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Woolfson, L.M., Geddes, R., McNicol, S., Booth, J.N., & Frank, J. (2013). A cross-sectional pilot study of the Scottish Early Development Instrument: a tool for addressing inequality. BMC Public Health, 13, 1187. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1187


Brinkman, S.A., Gialamas, A., Rahman, A., Mittinty, M.N., Gregory, T.A., Silburn, S., Goldfeld, S., Zubrick, S.R., Carr, V., Janus, M., Hertzman, C. & Lynch, J.W. (2012). Jurisdictional, socioeconomic and gender inequalities in child health and development: analysis of a national census of 5-year-olds in Australia. BMJ Open, 2(5). Available Online.

Doyle, O., McEntee, L. & McNamara, K.A. (2012). Skills, capabilities and inequalities at school entry in a disadvantaged community. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 27(1), 133-154. Available Online.

Goldfeld, S., O’Connor, M., Sayers, M., Moore, T. & Oberklaid, F. (2012). Prevalence and correlates of special health needs in a population cohort of Australian children at school entry. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 33(4), 319-327. Available Online.

Janus, M., & Hopkins, S. (2012). Constructing measures of northern children’s identity through dialogue. Pimatisiwin: A Journal of Aboriginal and Indigenous Community Health, 10(2), 249-256. Available Online.

Laurin, I., Lavoie, S., Guay, D., Boucheron, L., Durand, D. & Goulet, N. (2012). School readiness survey of Montreal children starting school. Santé Publique, 24(1), 7-21. Available Online.

Santos, R., Brownell, B., Ekuma, O., Mayer, T. & Sodeen, R. (2012). The Early Development Instrument (EDI) in Manitoba: Linking socioeconomic adversity and biological vulnerability at birth to children’s outcomes at age 5. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy. Available Online.

Vitaro, F., Boivin, M., Brendgen, M., Girard, A., & Dionne, G. (2012). Social experiences in kindergarten and academic achievement in grade 1: A monozygotic twin difference study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 104(2), 366-380. doi: 10.1037/a0026879


Cushon, J., Vu, L.T.H., Janzen, B.L. & Muhajarine, N. (2011). Neighborhood poverty impacts children’s physical health and well-being over time: Evidence from the Early Development Instrument. Early Education and Development22, 183-205. doi: 10.1080/10409280902915861

Forer, B., & Zumbo, B. D. (2011). Validation of multilevel constructs: Validation methods and empirical findings for the EDI. Social Indicators Research, 103(2), 231-265, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9844-3.

Forer, B., & Zumbo, B. D. (2011). Validation of multilevel constructs: Validation methods and empirical findings for the EDI. Social Indicators Research, 103(2), 231-265, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9844-3.

Guhn, M., & Goelman, H. (2011). Bioecological theory, early child development and the validation of the population-level Early Development Instrument. Social Indicators Research, 103(2), 193-217, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9842-5.

Guhn, M., Zumbo, B. D., Janus, M., & Hertzman, C. (2011). Opening remarks to the special issue on validation theory and research for a population-level measure of children’s development, wellbeing, and school readiness. Social Indicators Research, 103(2), 179-181, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9840-7. Available Online.

Guhn, M., Zumbo, B. D., Janus, M., & Hertzman, C. (Eds.) (2011). Special issue: Validation theory and research for a population-level measure of children’s development, wellbeing, and school readiness. Social Indicators Research.

Guhn, M., Zumbo, B. D., Janus, M., & Hertzman, C. (2011). Validation theory and research for a population-level measure of children’s development, wellbeing, and school readiness at kindergarten. Social Indicators Research, 103(2), 183-191, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9841-6.

Hertzman, C. (2011). Bringing a population health perspective to early biodevelopment: An emerging approach. In D. P. Keating (Ed.), Nature and nurture in early child development, (pp. 217-244). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Hertzman, C. (2011). The role of administrative record linkage in creating trajectories of early human development. Healthcare Policy, 6(Special Issue), 55-62. Available Online.

Hubley, A. M., & Zumbo, B. D. (2011). Validity and the consequences of test interpretation and use. Social Indicators Research, 103(2), 219-230, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9843-4.

Hymel, S., Le Mare, L., & McKee, W. (2011). The Early Development Instrument (EDI): An examination of convergent and discriminant validity. Social Indicators Research, 103(2), 267-282, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9845-2.

Janus, M. (2011). Impact of impairment on children with special needs at school entry: Comparison of school readiness outcomes in Canada, Australia, and Mexico. Exceptionality Education International, 21(2), 29-44. Available Online.

Janus, M. (2011). Transition to school: Child, family, and community-level determinants. In D. M. Laverick & M. R. Jalongo (Eds.), Transitions to early care and education. Educating the young child, 4(3), (pp. 177-187). Available Online.

Janus, M., Brinkman, S. A., & Duku, E. K. (2011). Validity and psychometric properties of the Early Development Instrument in Canada, Australia, United States, and Jamaica. Social Indicators Research, 103(2), 283-297, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9846-1.

Muhajarine, N., Puchala, C., & Janus, M. (2011). Does the EDI equivalently measure facets of school readiness for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children? Social Indicators Research, 103(2), 299-314, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9847-0.

Peers, C. (2011). The Australian Early Development Index: Reshaping family-child relationships in early childhood education. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 12, 134-147. doi: 10.2304/ciec.2011.12.2.134

Sam, M. A. (2011). An Indigenous knowledges perspective on valid meaning making: A commentary on research with the EDI and Aboriginal communities. Social Indicators Research, 103(2), 315-325, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9848-z.


Guhn, M., Gadermann, A., Hertzman, C. & Zumbo, B.D. (2010). Children’s development in kindergarten: A multilevel, population-based analysis of ESL and gender effects on socioeconomic gradients. Child Indicators Research3, 183-203. doi: 10.1007/s12187-009-9053-7

Hertzman, C. (2010). Social geography of developmental health in the early years. Healthcare Quarterly, 14(Special Issue 1), 32-40. Available Online.

Hertzman, C. & Boyce, T. (2010). How experience gets under the skin to create gradients in developmental health. Annual Review of Public Health, 31, 329-347. doi: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.012809.103538

Janus, M. (2010). Estimating prevalence of behaviour problems in kindergarten children based on population-level data. In R. Zukauskiene (Ed.), Proceedings of the XIV European Conference on Developmental Psychology (Vilnius, Lithuania, 18-22 July 2009). (pp. 193-198). Bologna, Italy: Medimond International Proceedings. Link

Kershaw, P., & Forer, B. (2010). Selection of area-level variables from administrative data: An intersectional approach to the study of place and child development. Health & Place16(3), 500-511. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.12.008

Kershaw, P., Warburton, B., Anderson, L., Hertzman, C., Irwin, L.G. & Forer, B. (2010). The economic cost of early vulnerability in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 101(Supplement 3), S8-S12. doi: 10.17269/cjph.101.2132

Lloyd, J.E.V. & Hertzman, C. (2010). How neighbourhoods matter for rural and urban children’s language and cognitive development at kindergarten and grade 4. Journal of Community Psychology38, 293-313. doi: 10.1002/jcop.20365

Lloyd, J.E.V., Li, L. & Hertzman, C. (2010). Early experiences matter: Lasting effect of concentrated disadvantage on children’s language and cognitive outcomes. Health & Place, 16, 371-380. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.11.009

Puchala, C., Vu, L.T.H. & Muhajarine, N. (2010). Neighbourhood ethnic diversity buffers school readiness impact in ESL children. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 101(Suppl. 3), S13-S18. doi: 10.17269/cjph.101.2133

Raos, R. & Janus, M. (2010). Examining spatial variations in the prevalence of behaviour problems among 5-year-old children in Canada. Social Science and Medicine, 72(3), 383-388. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.09.025


Brinkman, S., Sayers, M., Goldfeld, S. & Kline, J. (2009). Population monitoring of language and cognitive development in Australia: The Australian Early Development Index. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 11(5), 419-430. doi: 10.1080/17549500903147552

Carpiano, R.M., Lloyd, J.E.V. & Hertzman, C. (2009). Concentrated affluence, concentrated disadvantage, and children’s readiness for school: A population-based, multi-level investigation. Social Science & Medicine69, 420-432. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.05.028

D’Angiulli, A., Warburton, W., Dahinten, S. & Hertzman, C. (2009). Population-level associations between preschool vulnerability and grade-four basic skills. PLoS One4, e7692. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007692

Goldfeld, S., Sayers, M., Brinkman, S., Silburn, S. & Oberklaid, F. (2009). The process and policy challenges of adapting and implementing the Canadian Early Development Instrument in Australia. Early Education and Development20, 978-991. doi: 10.1080/10409280903375800

Hertzman, C. & Williams, R. (2009). Making early childhood count. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 180(1), 68-71. Available Online.

Janus, M. (2009). Population-level approach to interpretation and utility of early child development school readiness data: the Early Development Instrument. Pedagogical Review, 10(12), 99-115.

Janus, M., Hertzman, C., Guhn, M., Brinkman, S. & Goldfeld, S. (2009). “Letters to the Editor.” Reply to Li, D’Angiulli and Kendall: The Early Development Index and children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Early Years, 29(1), 83-87.

Kershaw, P., Forer, B., Lloyd, J.E.V., Hertzman, C., Boyce, W.T., Zumbo, B.D., Guhn, M., Milbrath, C., Irwin, L.G., Harvey, J., Hershler, R. & Smith, A. (2009). The use of population-level data to advance interdisciplinary methodology: A cell-through-society sampling framework for child development research. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 12(5), 387-403. Available Online.

Kohen, D., Oliver, L. & Pierre, F. (2009). Examining the effects of schools and neighbourhoods on the outcomes of kindergarten children in Canada. International Journal of Speech and Language Pathology11, 404-418. doi: 10.1080/17549500903085919

Lloyd, J.E.V. & Hertzman, C. (2009). From Kindergarten readiness to fourth-grade assessment: Longitudinal analysis with linked population data. Social Science & Medicine, 68, 111-123. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.09.063

Lloyd, J.E.V., Irwin, L.G. & Hertzman, C. (2009). Kindergarten school readiness and fourth-grade literacy and numeracy outcomes of children with special needs: A population-based study. Educational Psychology, 29(5), 583-602. Available Online.

Silburn, S., Brinkman, S., Ferguson-Hill, S., Styles, I., Walker, R. & Sheppard, C. (2009). The Australian Early Development Index (AEDI) Indigenous adaptation study. Available Online.


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Corter, C., Patel, S., Pelletier, J. & Bertrand, J. (2008). The Early Development Instrument as an evaluation and improvement tool for school-based, integrated services for young children and parents: the Toronto first duty project. Early Education and Development19, 773-794. doi: 10.1080/10409280801911888

Dionne, G., Boivin, M., Séguin, J.R., Pérusse, D. & Tremblay, R.E. (2008). Gestational diabetes hinders language development in offspring. Pediatrics122, 1073-1079. doi: 10.1542/peds.2007-3028

Janus, M., Kopechanski, L., Cameron, R., & Hughes, D. (2008). In transition: Experiences of parents of children with special needs at school entry. Early Childhood Education Journal, 35(5), 479-485. Available Online.

Sorin, R. (2008). Readiness for school – educators’ perceptions and the Australian early development index. Journal of Australian Research in Early Childhood Education, 15(2), 65-72. Available Online.


Brinkman, S., Silburn, S., Lawrence, D., Goldfeld, S., Sayers, M. & Oberklaid, F. (2007). Investigating the validity of the Australian Early Development Index. Early Education and Development, 18(3), 427-452. doi: 10.1080/10409280701610812

Oliver, L. N., Dunn, J. R., Kohen, D. E., & Hertzman, C. (2007). Do neighbourhoods influence the readiness to learn of kindergarten children in Vancouver? A multilevel analysis of neighbourhood effects. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, 39, 848-868. doi: 10.1068/a37126

Forget-Dubois, N., Lemelin, J-P., Boivin, M., Dionne, G., Séguin, J.R., Vitaro, F. & Tremblay, R.E. (2007). Predicting early school achievement with the EDI: A longitudinal population-based study. Early Education and Development, 18(3), 405-426. doi: 10.1080/10409280701610796

Guhn, M., Gadermann, A. & Zumbo, B.D. (2007). Does the EDI measure school readiness in the same way across different groups of children? Early Education and Development, 18(3), 453-472. doi: 10.1080/10409280701610838

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Guhn, M., Janus M. & Hertzman, C. (2007). Translating school readiness assessment into community actions and policy planning: The Early Development Instrument, Introduction to the Special Issue. Early Education and Development, 18(3), 369-374. doi: 10.1080/10409280701610622

Janus, M. (2007). The Early Development Instrument: A tool for monitoring children’s development and readiness for school. In M. E. Young & L. M. Richardson (Eds.) Early Child Development – From Measurement to Action. A Priority for Growth and Equity (pp. 141-155) Washington, D.C.: World Bank. Available Online.

Janus, M., Brinkman, S., Duku, E., Hertzman, C., Santos, R., Sayers, M. & Schroeder, J. (2007). The Early Development Instrument: A Population-based measure for communities. A handbook on development, properties, and use. Offord Centre for Child Studies, Hamilton, ON. Available Online.

Janus, M. & Duku, E. (2007). The school entry gap: Socioeconomic, family, and health factors associated with children’s school readiness to learn. Early Education and Development, 18(3), 375-403. doi: 10.1080/10409280701610796a

Janus, M., Lefort, J., Cameron, R., & Kopechanski, L. (2007). Starting kindergarten: Transition issues for children with special needs. Canadian Journal of Education, 30(3), 628-648. Available Online.

Janus, M. & Offord, D. (2007). Development and psychometric properties of the Early Development Instrument (EDI): A measure of children’s school readiness. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 39(1), 1-22. Available Online.

Keating, D.P. (2007). Formative evaluation of the Early Development Instrument: progress and prospects. Early Education and Development, 18(3), 561-570. doi: 10.1080/10409280701610937

Kershaw, P., Forer, B., Irwin, L.G., Hertzman, C. & Lapointe, V. (2007). Toward a social care program of research: A Population-level study of neighbourhood effects on child development. Early Education and Development, 18(3), 535-560. doi: 10.1080/10409280701610929

Lapointe, V.R., Ford, L. & Zumbo, B.D. (2007). Examining the relationship between neighborhood environment and school readiness for kindergarten children. Early Education and Development, 18(3), 473-496. doi: 10.1080/10409280701610846

Lesaux, N.K, Vukovic, R.K., Hertzman, C. & Siegel, L.S. (2007). Context matters: The interrelatedness of early literacy skills, developmental health, and community demographics. Early Education and Development, 18(3), 497-518. doi: 10.1080/10409280701610861

Li, J., D’Angiulli, A. & Kendall, G.E. (2007). The early development index and children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Early Years27, 221-235. doi: 10.1080/09575140701594384

Oliver, L.N., Dunn, J.R., Kohen, D.E. & Hertzman, C. (2007). Do neighbourhoods influence the readiness to learn of kindergarten children in Vancouver? A multilevel analysis of neighbourhood effects. Environment and Planning A, 39, 848-868. doi: 10.1068/a37126

Sayers, M., Coutts, M., Goldfeld, S., Oberklaid, F., Brinkman, S. & Silburn, S. (2007). Building better communities for children: Community implementation and e valuation of the Australian Early Development Index. Early Education and Development, 18(3), 519-534. doi: 10.1080/10409280701610879

Silburn, S., Brinkman, S., Sayers, M., Goldfeld, S. & Oberklaid, F. (2007). Establishing the construct and predictive validity of the Australian Early Development Index (AEDI). Early Human Development, 83(Suppl. 1), S125. doi: 10.1016/S0378-3782(07)70321-3


Janus, M. (2006). Measuring community early child development. The Canadian Association of Principals Journal, 14(3), 14-16. Available Online.

Janus, M. (2006). Tools for measuring the well-being of children at school entry: International perspectives, specific applications in Jordan and Kosovo. In R. Lynkeus (Ed.), Tools for measuring the well-being of children, (pp. 59-67).Genoa, Italy: Fondazione Istituto Mediterraneo per l’infanzie – MedChild Institute.


Oberklaid, F., Goldfeld, S., Sayers, M., Fraser, A., Silburn, S. & Brinkman, S. (2005). Australian early development index: Building better communities for children: Community Results 2004-2005. ISBN 0957828691. Commonwealth of Australia.


Fiorentino, L. & Howe, N. (2004). Language competence, narrative ability, and school readiness in low-income preschool children. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 36, 280-294. doi: 10.1037/h0087237

Hertzman, C. (2004). Making early childhood development a priority: lessons from Vancouver. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. Available Online.

Janus, M. (2004). Voices from the Field – Transition to school practices: the need for evidence. In: Tremblay, R.E., Barr, R.G., Peters, R.DeV., eds. Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development [online]. Montreal, Quebec: Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development; 104. Available Online.

Maggi, S., Hertzman, C., Kohen, D. & D’Angiulli, A. (2004). Effects of neighborhood socioeconomic characteristics and class composition on highly competent children. Journal of Educational Research, 98(2), 109-114. Available Online.

Sayers, M. (2004). Every Child, Australian Early Development Index: Building Better Communities for Children project including what is involved for communities, the aims of community use of the AEDI and why we need to rethink the way we support families with young children. Every Child, 10(4).


Janus, M. & Offord, D. (2000). Reporting on readiness to learn at school in Canada. ISUMA: Canadian Journal of Policy Research, 1(2), 71-75.

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